ARCHIVE : Issue Eight
INTERNATIONAL ANIMAL TESTING LABORATORY FACES CLOSURE AFTER HORROR EXPOSE
Britain 's biggest animal testing laboratory, the Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), was pushed to the edge of bankruptcy after the Royal Bank of Scotland cancelled a 22.5million pounds loan. This came in the wake of the Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) campaign which was launched after four separate undercover investigations by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV). Employees of Huntingdon Life Sciences were caught on video subjecting animals to extreme cruelty and abuse.
In London an investigation filmed 4-month old puppies being punched and thrown against the wall. In New Jersey , technicians were filmed laughing at and mocking a tied-down, frightened monkey while squirting lubricant into his mouth.
HLS is responsible for the deaths of 180,000 beagles, monkeys, rabbits, mice, rats and other animals every year in the quest for profit. These animals are forced to ingest, inhale and endure toxic chemicals. Animals are restrained and forced to consume toxic doses of pharmaceuticals, pesticides or industrial chemicals such as weed killers and disinfectants. Some animals are placed in inhalation chambers where they choke in noxious fumes; others have caustic chemicals applied to their shaved, raw skin. At the end of these excruciatingly painful procedures, some of which last up to a year, the surviving animals are killed and their bodies are dissected for analysis.
The Bank of England was only the first of many investors who severed all links with Huntingdon almost forcing HLS into liquidation.
Pressure was then brought to bear upon the Stephens group and the Bank of New York, both allegedly big investors in HLS.
'FRANKLY, M'DEAR, I DON'T GIVE A SHIT!'
On 11th of June two members of SHAC held a meeting with directors of the American bank Morgan Stanley UK and presented to them graphic evidence of animal cruelty including beagle puppies being punched and shaken and monkeys being cut open alive. Morgan Stanley's response was as follows:
"We are sick of hearing about those bloody beagles at HLS. Don't you understand - we don't care… as long as we make money out of this, we personally couldn't give a shit whether Huntingdon kills 500,000 animals a day, never mind 500!"
IAMS PETFOOD CRUELTY EXPOSED
In a shocking expose, Uncaged Campaigns worked closely with the Sunday Express to expose cruel animal experiments conducted over the past ten years by the IAMS Pet Food company which since 1999 has been a subsidiary of Proctor and Gamble, long the target of anti-vivisectionists for their cruel experiments on animals. ( See IAMS - the suffering behind the science). The same tests were used in the development of EUKANUBA also a subsidiary of Proctor and Gamble.
The furore came at a time when IAMS was a major sponsor at the Crufts dog show. The product had also been backed by the RSPCA but after learning about the cruel experiments on at least 460 cats and dogs the animal welfare charity vowed to sever all ties and Crufts organisers were also reconsidering accepting sponsorship from IAMS. Animal activists descended upon the Crufts Show distributing leaflets and waving banners highlighting "the suffering behind the science" and urging a boycott.
Animal activists and MP's alike condemned the research. Said Democrat MP Norman Baker: "It's ironic to say the least that a company which purports to care for animals is conducting abhorrent animal experiments behind closed doors. Perhaps they should list their experiments on their labels and then see how much they sell."
And campaigner and comedy writer Carla Lane said: "It is horrifying to think people are buying pet food that involves so much experimentation. You don't have to harm animals to find out what's good for them."
Dan Lyons, director of Uncaged Campaigns, commented: "No reasonable person can ever accept the conduct of painful and lethal experiments on one animal in the distant hope that some information might emerge that might be useful for another animal. After all, this is similar to what the Nazi's did - experiment on some humans, supposedly to try to benefit other humans. There's nothing wrong with trying to find out how to improve diets for animals, but the right way to do that is to observe the same guidelines that exist for medical research involving children. It is deeply hypocritical and unethical to buy animals bred specifically to be vivisected, and then inflict suffering and death on them. If IAMS were genuinely concerned about animal welfare they would not be actively damaging and slaughtering innocent animals. We call on them to stop vivisection immediately and adopt cruelty-free research methods."
IAMS' reaction was, of course, predictable. They responded by smearing Uncaged Campaigns, a law-abiding and peaceful campaign group as "extremist" and called the Sunday Express' articles "unsubstantiated." The Sunday Express, who based their information on published scientific papers, promptly wrote to IAMS and are threatening legal action.
WHAT YOU CAN DO:
Vote with your purses. Pass this information on to pet food stores and veterinary surgeries. Fill in the postcard provided on the following website:
N.B. The BUAV has not suggested that people start altering their pet's diet i.e. switching brands overnight where the animals are on recommended diets. In these cases the matter should be discussed with their vets first.
WORLD WEEK FOR ANIMALS IN LABORATORIES
20-27 APRIL 2000
In Defense of Animals (IDA) an international animal advocacy organisation, joined with anticruelty activists across the globe to call attention to the suffering of billions of animals in the world's laboratories and it appears that this was the most successful call to action since the inception of World Week for Animals in Laboratories nearly a decade ago.
In various actions world-wide at least two thousand people gathered in Tel Aviv as part of the week-long events. Government ministers and members of parliament who also participated called for a complete overhaul of that nation's laws regarding animals in laboratories.
In the UK, well over 1000 activists from all over the UK met up for a national demo against HLS customers, splitting into groups before descending upon various pharmaceutical research laboratories.
In Johannesburg , two sisters chained themselves to poles outside Wits University which, like other medical schools, conducts invasive experiments on animals. Wits University was the centre of a court action brought by the SPCA who confiscated an experimental cat BC 3, who had 50% of her back exposed as an open wound after "accidental burning" during surgery intended to induce a stomach ulcer. A supreme court judge ordered that the surgeon Dr. Dillipkumar Parekh stop his experimental work on dogs and cats.
In New Delhi India activists protested a dearth of laws that allowed old horses to be bled to death after being repeatedly injected with snake venom and sheep having holes drilled in their heads, while still conscious, so that live rabies virus could be injected into their brains. The World Health Organisation banned this procedure in 1970.
In the US protests, rallies and events were planned in at least twenty-five cities.
While hundreds of animal rights activists protested and engaged in civil disobedience across the country at investment bank Stephen's Inc. (major funders of the besieged Huntingdon Life Sciences) the underground Animal Liberation Front (ALF) claimed responsibility for liberating 28 rabbits from a Californian vivisection lab. The rabbits were then placed in "loving homes." ALF spokesperson David Barbarash stated that "Experimenting on sentient animals is abhorrent and immoral. Torturing animals under any circumstances is simply no longer acceptable."
Said IDA president Dr. Elliot Katz: "You can feel the power of the movement against this cruel animal holocaust growing. In San Francisco , people are learning that kittens are locked in dark rooms and forced to stay awake while electrodes protrude from their brains and their eyes are sewn shut. In Arizona people are protesting horrible brain cancer experiments on very young beagle puppies. In New Jersey people are protesting the continuing torture of animals in absurd product testing atrocities. We are the animals' voices and our cry is growing louder every day."
SAAV is pleased to have assisted in the following releases of wild caught baboons destined for vivisection labs.
Late last year the Centre for Animal Rehabilitation and Education (CARE) obtained a court order to remove baboons which had been discovered in an emaciated condition at the French run Centre Africaine Primatologie Experimentale ( CAPE ) in Mpumalanga .
This is not the first time the secret French run bush lab has been the centre of controversy. In April 1990, 120 baboons were discovered in horrific circumstances after having been abandoned by the French. The owner, Bailly-Maistre was fined a mere R200 and allowed to carry on in spite of the fact that the centre did not have a permit. The French run lab was believed to have strong links with the Apartheid government's Biological and Chemical Warfare Experimentation lab Roodeplaat, as well as with the French military.
It is reported that wild caught baboons are still exported regularly to France for use in military and nuclear testing. CARE and SAAV had a meeting with the NP MEC earlier this year and we were given assurances hat CAPE would no longer receive permits from the nature conservation authority to hold primates. They also told us that they were intent on closing the centre down. No baboons or vervets have left the country from the centre since.
With the help of SAAV and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and the BUAV the baboons were moved to CARE's rehabilitation centre where special enclosures were built. 5 male baboons were released back into the wild in the Waterberg area in March and the remaining baboons will be released in the same area in November 2001. (They needed to recuperate more than the 5 did)
In December 2000 this year 30 baboons which were in a poor condition and which had been confiscated from Eric Venter, a trapper based near Vaalwater who supplies South African and international laboratories, were released back into the wild. They had spent 16 months in a large corral at the Centre for Rehabilitation and Education (CARE) near Phalaborwa, where they were given time to recover and form a troop. They were released in a joint operation involving CARE and SAAV.
IAMS - THE CRUELTY BEHIND THE SCIENCE
The suffering behind the IAMS 'Science' diet has not been brought to the public's attention - until now. Confronted with the resultant public outcry IAMS apparently denied that the experiments were cruel. We ask you to read the details of the published experiments listed below and judge for yourselves.
24 young dogs were given kidney failure by the removal of one kidney and the damaging of the other. According to the paper some dogs became sick - four were so ill that they had to be killed - but none were medically treated because it would have undermined the test results. All the remaining dogs were then killed after being fed an experimental diet and their kidneys analysed (American Journal of Veterinary Research: 1357-1365, August 1991)
18 young Great Danes were fed on differing diets and at eighteen months of age their bones from their front and back right legs were cut out and then stressed until they broke. Pigs were also used in similar experiments. (Proceedings of 1998 IAMS Nutrition Symposium: 29-40) v
18 beagle puppies were dosed with a drug that damaged their kidneys. Blood samples were taken repeatedly and urine collected via a tube inserted into the puppies' bladders via their penises. All the dogs were killed and their kidneys analysed. (American Journal of Veterinary Research: 948-956, June 1996)
28 female cats had their abdomens cut open and solution injected repeatedly into their bowels (Nutrition Research: 1319-1328, September 2000). In a third test 24 female cats were sterilised and a sample of their livers taken. They were overfed until they became obese and then starved on a crash diet. When they had lost at least 30 per cent of their weight their livers were examined to investigate the link between weight loss and liver disease.
IAMS also sponsored research in which fourteen new born husky puppies were repeatedly injected with live virus vaccines and allergy causing proteins for the first twelve weeks of their lives. The puppies developed permanent illnesses in the test which was designed to see how severely allergic the dogs could become. They also suffered weight loss and skin disorders.
In another experiment 12 huskies, 12 poodles and 12 labradors were regularly given chest wounds to see if diet could affect fur re-growth. This research was justified in the medical paper on the grounds that "dogs are enjoyable to touch and look at …Dogs with coat problems are simply not handled as much.
ANOTHER MYSTERY AT THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
The Medical Research Council (MRC) has long been the target of anti-vivisectionists because of its lack of transparency regarding animal experiments. But from time to time sheer chance and sympathetic gremlins allow a glimpse into what transpires in the sanctum sanctorum of that august institution.
And so we learned earlier this year that four experimental horses were stolen from their Sandringham facility. Three were found by police a few weeks later. Sergeant Amanda Roestoff said police also arrested three men aged 24, 27, and 36 in connection with the crime. The horses, who had been donated to the institute for medical research purposes, were previously show jumping horses.
Roestoff said that the horses were removed from the institute during the night. It is believed that the thieves gained entrance to the premises by cutting the wire fencing on the eastern side. The men were arrested at the Tswelepele informal settlement in Ivory Park after police followed up information. The horses, which were found in the informal settlement , were identified by employees of the institute.
Police were still looking for the fourth horse valued at about R500000. It was brown with a black mane. A clear shaved mark of about 30cm was visible on the left side of the horse's neck, Roestoff said.
MONKEY AIRLINES CAMPAIGN TAKES OFF
Few air travellers are aware that while they are enjoying their in-flight
entertainment, wild caught primates destined for vivisection may be
travelling as cargo in the baggage hold, alongside their suitcases.
The Air Rage campaign launched by the British Union of Anti-Vivisectionists (BUAV) (See Snout 7) has gone from strength to strength with a number of significant victories since The Animal Protection Institute (API) from the USA joined forces with the BUAV calling on holiday-makers to boycott those airlines that transport primates destined for the research industry. The USA is the world's largest importer and user of primates for research. A significant victory was the announcement from China Airlines ( Taiwan ) the second largest carrier of primates to the USA , that it would no longer accept live primates destined for experimentation as cargo.
During the past few months two more airlines joined the increasing number of carriers that are refusing to transport monkeys destined for research - Delta Airlines and Korean Air. Lufthansa has also stopped carrying primates for research.
However, the campaign goes on. Air France, the largest carrier of primates to the USA in 2000 has repeatedly rejected calls to end its involvement in this cruel trade. Primates travel in small wooden crates in the cargo hold. The journeys are long and stressful and can last for up to 3 days. Cramped conditions, inadequate ventilation, noise and extreme temperature fluctuations can all contribute to suffering and deaths. Journeys can also involve transportation by sea and road.
Please support BUAV'S campaign by boycotting the following airlines which continue to transport primates for vivisection:
- Aeroflot ( Russia )
- Air Canada
- Air France
- Air Mauritius
- Air Tanzania
- American Airlines (US)
- Amerijet International (US)
- China Eastern Airlines
- Continental (US)
- EL-AL ( Israel )
- Japan Airlines
- LIAT ( Caribbean )
- Northwest Airlines (US)
- Sabena ( Belgium )
- U.S. Airways (US)
TRUTH WILL OUT
In Snout 3 we described a possible link between the Onderstepoort Veterinary School and the South African Defence Force's Biological weapons programme.
When our own homegrown 'Dr Death', Wouter Basson was hauled from the Apies river whence he had tried to escape arrest he applied for his testimony to be heard in camera. The day after the local press appealed against such in camera hearing, ten armed white men removed the computer main frame from Onderstepoort in a military style break-in. Enquiries by a newspaper reporter elicited a denial from Onderstepoort that such a theft had taken place.
But the truth has a way of prevailing. We can now report that in a recent legal action against Onderstepoort the latter claimed to be unable to produce certain evidence called for. The reason? Why, the theft from Onderstepoort of the computer main frame which contained information about the library and research of course!
FURORE OVER AIDS ADVISORY PANEL PROPOSAL
Anti-Vivisectionists and Animal Rightists in Britain and the USA have slammed a recommendation contained in the report drawn up by the Presidential Aids Advisory Panel (PAAP), after South Africans for the Abolition of Vivisection (SAAV) noted with concern that Aids dissident members of the PAAPl had proposed an experiment in which 20 chimpanzees would be doomed to a drug-induced death to prove their point that drug toxicity, not HIV, causes deaths in Aids patients." Said SAAV:
“Leaving aside for the moment the fact that Chimpanzees are a protected species of whom there are very few left in the world, experiments on them being outlawed in some countries, we can only comment that if the dissidents are indeed serious, then this would constitute scientific nonsense. Even though chimpanzees are easily infected with HIV, they do not develop the human form of AIDS. Their immune systems differ from that of humans and they develop a disease which is similar but not the same. Furthermore, the toxicity of a drug cannot be extrapolated with accuracy from animals to humans.
Indeed, according to one of the world’s best known toxicologists, Prof Gerhard Zbinden, from the Zurich Institute of Toxicology, ‘Most adverse reactions that occur in man cannot be demonstrated, anticipated or avoided by the routine toxicity experiment.’ He has shown that only three of the 45 most common drug side-effects might be predicted using animals. If the dissidents are to salvage what credibility they still may have left, then this is hardly the way to go about it.”v
SAAV’s views have been supported by Dr. Stephen R. Kaufman, MD, Co-chair of the Medical Research Modernization Committee, who offers the following observation: v
“ Different viruses have different effects on different species. Whether or not HIV causes AIDS in chimpanzees will never prove whether or not HIV causes AIDS in humans. Human clinical investigation is the only way to demonstrate the degree to which HIV is responsible for AIDS in human species.” v
Equally outspoken are Dr. Ray Greek, author of Sacred Cows and Golden Geese and Dr. Steven Wise, author of Rattling the Cage. This viewpoint also has the support of ACTUP, an international AIDS/HIV awareness organisation that believes that the use of animal models to find a cure for human AIDS is retarding scientific progress in the matter.
Greetings from the Land of BROC , whence The Snout has relocated, causing this edition to be much delayed. However, we are once again on track and ready to continue in the struggle.
This issue of The Snout demonstrates the good and the bad. While undercover investigations reveal the massive hidden cruelty inherent in the vivisection industry, this year's World Week for Animals in Laboratories has also demonstrated the escalating power of the movement against animal experimentation.
No society which claims to be civilized can tolerate any longer the sadistic treatment of animals behind the locked doors of the vivisection industry. It will not tolerate an industry which cruelly tests pesticides and household products on innocent animals, or the warfare experiments to which they are subjected.
Nor can such society tolerate the medical fraud of a so-called science which is based upon an incorrect methodology, that animals can serve as models for human beings. Such society will now begin to see animal experimentation for what it is - a money making racket serving the interests of a few individuals who make a living out of it.
No civilised society which claims to be democratic will tolerate the lack of transparency around the vivisection industry.
Civilized individuals will call for experiments to be listed, along with the ingredients, on product labels.
Civilized individuals will make their voices heard and will vote with their purses, be it for cosmetics, household products, allopathic medicines or pet food products.